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Kenya on achieving the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030

Tuesday, November 12, 2019, by author Titus Kisangau


Kenya on achieving the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030 In 2015, the United Nations member states adopted the 2030 Agenda for sustainable goals which offered a shared blueprint for peace and prosperity for the people and the planet, for now, and in the future. The 17 SDGs are at the heart of the goals and are an urgent call to countries, those that are developed and developing as well. The agenda recognizes the need for proper strategies that would improve healthcare, reduce inequalities and eradicate poverty to improve a country's economic output as well as sustainability for the citizens. Kenya and the SDGs Before the establishment of the SDGs, there were the Millenial Development Goals(MDGs). Kenya was one of the many developing countries that adopted and implemented the MDGs. In 2004 cabinet even issued a memo that the MDGs should be mainstreamed in all policy documents of national and local levels. However, as in many other countries, the MDGs were not achieved before the SDGs were adopted and for Kenya that can be attributed to a few issues. The first challenge was financial constraints. Kenya was highly dependant on donor funds, there was high dependance for the achievement of MDGs. The country did a costing of the MDGs to determine the requirement of resources to successfully implement and eventually achieve the MDGs. There was a realization that an estimated $61 billion would be required between 2005 and 2015 to achieve these goals. This meant that Kenya needed at least $5.1 billion annually, a cost that had not been catered for in the national budget, it would be difficult if not impossible for Kenya to come up with this. Thus, the overdependence on donor funds. Other challenges that affected the realization of the MDGs included; lack of a clear concise roadmap or strategies on how to achieve and implement the goals, unreliable and untimely data on poverty, gender, maternal and child health, etc. which affected the implementation and tracking of the MDGs. Lessons from the MDGs and how to implement them in the SDGs. The lessons Kenya as a country learned from trying to achieve the MDGs play a vital role in implementing the SDGs. Pressing issues that need urgent attention include hunger, poverty, adverse climatic change, and gender inequality. To successfully implement these SDGs certain measures have to be put in place. For one; setting proper strategies and a proper concise plan that can be used to track and implement these goals is crucial to the success of this project. Mobilizing resources for the implementation of the SDGs. This means finding alternative means of getting funds so as not to highly depend on the donor funds. Contextualizing of the SDGs to make them specific in national and county contexts. Kenya as a country has a lot to do in implementing and achieving the SDGs by 2030. The SDGs are meant to shift countries into more sustainable paths. Most of these goals are interconnected and for one to occur the previous one has to have already occurred. For example, protecting and preserving oceans and forests will dramatically improve climatic change. SDGs are highly reliant on partnerships, on making the right choices that improve sustainability for us and future generations. The SDGs provide a laid-out roadmap on how to achieve these goals for different countries. They are an inclusive agenda that cover the issues of policy and climatic change. The main goal is to unite people while making a positive change for people and the planet, now and in the future. SDGs are unique and affect the global community at large. A reaffirmation of each country's commitment to eliminating global poverty and improving quality of life. SDGs if implemented and successfully achieved in Kenya will not only work as betterment for Kenyans today but for generations to come.


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